Used to be Mine

While listening to this song by Sara Bareilles (I am a musical emotional hostage on many occasions) I realized something: I am scared. Really scared.
Most people who know me would never think of me as a person afraid of anything (except snakes): I am strong. I am outspoken. I am opinionated, I am tough and emotionless. But the reality is:  I am not. Any of these things. I am alone in a big world that can be scary. Sometimes a little terrifying. I found a man who saw me for me and loved me anyway. I found a man songs are recorded about and love stories are written about. He loved me with all of my faults, my weaknesses and my inconsistencies. Despite everything, he loved me. And he still does. And it hurts. It hurts to have had that kind of love, the kind that some never have, that people long for and dream of, and to watch it slip away and realize that it will never be again….it is not just scary, it is crushing. There is nothing I can do to save him therefore saving us. I can’t apologize for something done. I can’t take back something said. There is no “fixing” this. There is no making up or forgiving and working it out.  I am not an easy person to love. I don’t just go along with things. I question. I wonder. I dream. I am passionate to the point of annoyance. And Jim saw this in me and liked it. He liked me and wanted me. He chose me. I chose him. And something else bigger than both of us chose him to leave first. How? How could anyone think he should leave first? He was such a great Dad. And a great husband. And a great man. On all accounts. Jim gave. Jim was good. Jim was kind.

Alzheimer's Disease, frustrations,

Jim and I at the Grand Illumination in Colonial Williamsburg, Dec. 2011.

Jim made this world a better place because he was a hard worker, a giving man, a forgiving person and an accepting human. Just what we all need. And yet he is being put through an unfathomable demise. How cruel. How unfair. How awful for everyone involved.
I no longer know who I am. I question each conversation I have. Sometimes I can’t even recall what I said or who I said it to. I am not just lost; I am not even searching. I used to think I was…searching for something I won’t find and not a clue what I am looking for. I am searching for the man who loved me, who made me ok with me. I know I am supposed to be a woman who doesn’t need a man to love herself or who needs a man for anything and I don’t….but the truth is…Jim completed me. He made me better. He made me like myself. He made me a better mom, a better friend, employee, citizen. A better everything. And without him, who am I? Am I still deserving? Am I still likable? Am I still a good person? He was head and shoulders above me in so many categories and without his companionship and guidance I am on shaky ground. How can I live up to his standards without him showing me the way? His strength and unwavering belief in me is a lot to live up to.The trust he has shown me not only throughout our marriage, but especially as he has succumbed to this disease…unquestionable trust. It is almost suffocating. The decisions I have made on his behalf and his lack of argument are to be commended and should be held in the highest regard. Even while this disease ravages his brain, he trusts me to always do what is in his best interest. Amazingly so.  He brought out the best in me and it is now up to me to find my own strength, my own North Star, my inner GPS system. No one to remind me when I fail that I will be ok and that I will some day succeed. That I am capable. That I am beautiful despite the wrinkles and gray hair. That I am still interesting and wanted.
Without getting angry, without making excuses, without Jim…I move forward. Not at the pace I would normally. Not with the same spirit and drive. Without my partner…without my biggest fan…without the comfort of knowing no matter what mess I have made, no matter how terribly I have failed, I will have someone who still thinks I am awesome and competent. Someone who will wrap his arms around me and make the world disappear………no more. I am alone with my own failings and my trials and tribulations. I can only reach deep to a place I have never thought I could or would have to go and forge ahead. Without Jim’s inspiration and acceptance. Without his smile. Without his wisdom. Without all of the many things he brought to us all through his quiet example. I love you Jim and I miss you so very much. Thank you for being you and allowing me to be your wife for 18 years.

Brad, Jim and Frances. Nov 2015.

Brad, Jim and Frances. Nov 2015.

posted by Karen in Early Signs of Alzheimer's,Early Stages of Alzheimer's Disease,Uncategorized,Younger Onset Alzheimer's Disease and have Comments (11)

Sorrows Under the Mistletoe

Brad putting on the angel. Dec. 2015.

Brad putting on the angel. Dec. 2015.

My heart is heavy. My mind is scrambled. My energy wanes day to day. My world is spinning out of control with a speed and slowness that are confusing and indecipherable.

Jim is still progressing. Of course he is. He has a disease with no survivors. This day and this hurt was promised to us years ago. But to be a front row spectator to his absence while being present is perfect torture. I would prefer to be waterboarded while having my eyelashes plucked out one at a time.

He no longer stands up straight. His posture is that of a 95 year old with extremely poor mien, including the shuffling, the humped shoulders and the constant stare at the floor or something no one else can see.

He drools. A lot. Sometimes.

He mumbles. He says a word. He mumbles more. He is silent.

He feeds himself. He needs help being fed.

He is down to 160 pounds.

He has had 4 Urinary Tract Infections in just over two months. He has had a catheter in for that same amount of time.

He smiles. He picks up invisible things off the floor and puts them in his pocket or hands them to me.

He walks away.

He falls asleep while sitting in a chair or carrying on a “conversation”.

He can’t read. He can’t write.

He has had a few days of not knowing who I am.

He often doesn’t know the children’s names, but does usually recognize them.

He loves company but walks away a few minutes after you arrive.

He doesn’t watch TV.

He will still kick a ball or try to shoot some baskets. On the right day.

He cannot go to the bathroom by himself.

He cannot tell us if something is hurting.

He cannot get dressed by himself.

He still hugs me and kisses me. He still lights up when I arrive to visit him. And then sometimes he doesn’t.

He lives each day in his own world and I try to visit and understand but I only end up crying in the car on the way home or late at night when I search through old photos trying to put together a photo album for him.

I show up to my life half heartedly because the other half of my heart and my life has left me stranded midway and so part of my chest remains empty.

There are times I look at him and wish he would die. I see him so unlike the Jim who took so much pride in himself with his straight back, quick wit, and ironed and clean clothes. He would never walk around with pants on inside out or food spilled down his shirt or drool falling down his chin onto the floor. He would never stand for someone else wiping him clean. Then I think about him actually dying and I don’t want that either. I want another conversation. I want another date night. I want him to play in the backyard with the kids or to cheer them on at a game. I want him to walk through the front door, turning the key himself, walking in with the smile I have loved for many years.  I want him to not be where he is or who he is now, but I can’t have the original back either. It is a waiting game. We know the ending, but not the timeframe or exactly how bad it will get. Every time I think we are at a place so much harder than before, it gets even worse.

Each time I visit him, I am exhausted, depressed, lonely, sad and relieved he is at a place that takes care of him so much better than I ever could.

I am trying to keep our regular traditions up for the kids and I suppose for my own sanity. Moving forward. We got our tree at the same tree farm. But instead of the typical lights, the three of us wanted different things: Frances wanted white lights, Brad wanted multi-colored and I liked the ones we have had the past couple of years with red, green and white. So, I did what any stable Mom would do, I said “screw it” or something along those lines and put one strand of each on the tree. I can pretty much guarantee you there isn’t another tree lit like ours and I can also guarantee it won’t win any “best” awards. But I really don’t care. I actually kind of like it. Sort of a symbol of the way I feel: discombobulated and completely unorthodox.

While the kids and I were listening to Christmas music and putting ornaments on our unique tree, Brad stopped, sat on the couch, and just looked at the tree. When I asked him if he was ok, his reply: “We should have brought Dad home to help with the tree. He should be here.”  And he was right. He should be here. He should be helping with the decorations and sipping eggnog and sitting with me after the kids go to bed, silently leaning into each other as we lay together on the couch in the glow of the lights. He should be running to the store for last minute ingredients and attending band concerts and helping with homework and sneaking around to hide the mistletoe so I will end up standing under it so he could grab a kiss. He should be watching A Christmas Story with us for the 100th time and laughing out loud in that way he did, where he almost couldn’t stop.  He should be here, with us, but that will never be again and it hurts. Like Hell. But I can’t wallow in this immeasurable grief because I have to get up, do the laundry, fix some dinner, go grocery shopping, visit Jim, follow up with doctor appointments, put up the decorations, get all the kids gifts together (plus others on our lists) and somewhere in there get a shower and act like I’m ok so my kids can have a decent holiday since their summer and fall have pretty much revolved around one medical emergency after another with their Dad. After all, this isn’t about me. This is about a man who is leaving his children when he desperately doesn’t want to. It is about two amazing kids losing their father. It is about moving ahead while searching for the right way to let go of the past and hold on to it at the same time.

Jim opening a gift from my parents. Dec 2015.

Jim opening a gift from my parents. Dec 2015.

posted by Karen in Early Signs of Alzheimer's,Early Stages of Alzheimer's Disease,Uncategorized,Younger Onset Alzheimer's Disease and have Comments (26)

And the Grief Goes On

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Visiting Jim at his new home. October 2015.

There is a time in everyone’s life where you learn who you are and transform into the person you were always meant to be. Welcome to my time.

I am struggling. It has snuck up on me during a period I assumed would be easier and I would be stronger and more prepared. It seems I am never sufficiently equipped anymore. Jim is no longer living in our home which means I am besieged with new emotions I didn’t see coming. There is a new level of grief. When Jim first moved out, there was relief. The kids and I felt like we could breathe and relax a little. But over the course of the two and a half months Jim has been gone, I have started grieving his absence. As with each loss of him over the past few years, I grieve all over again. Although we no longer have to worry about constantly watching him or finding the things he put in strange places or something taken apart to never be put back together again, there is an absence that is felt and is suffocating.   He is gone from our daily lives. There is no Jim with us unless we visit him. We cannot call or text. Even the dog is missing him and the many walks they had daily. Yes, Jim is still “alive” as far as a living and breathing person, but he is not alive in our home. He is alive in my heart, but even that hurts because it is not the same love or the same relationship it once was. I grieve, but it is a grief that will continue without any closure for an undisclosed amount of time. Stop and re-read that sentence.

Over the course of the past two weeks Jim has been to the ER three times and to the urologist 3 times. Three days ago, he was admitted to the hospital for a two night stay while they fed him an intravenous antibiotic. It seems UTI’s are very common when you have a catheter put in and taken out and then put back in. He is unable to tell us what is wrong, so we must constantly guess. Finally, with a high temp, it was time to head back to the hospital. But I wasn’t able to go when they were taking him. I was working and then I had commitments that could not be changed. For the first time, I did not drop everything and run to be with him. I did not sit with him in the ER. I was not there to explain to him what was going on and tell him where he was. I made a decision and cut the cord. Guilt isn’t really the correct word. Sadness at recognizing this life is becoming so commonplace for us the kids weren’t even surprised when I told them he was in the hospital. I told few people. It seems after you do this a few times, it becomes redundant and is there really a reason to let everyone you know in on the latest medical crisis when so many more seem to be headed our way?

Yep. I’m depressed. My house is a mess. My engine light came on and I have yet to be able to take it by to figure out what is wrong. Hopefully I get it by the shop before I end up by the side of the road.  I have a stack of paperwork to sort through that may or may not get done in the next few days. I have 3 Halloween decorations up and no costume for Brad let alone a pumpkin to carve. But I do have candy. And I do have a plethora of friends who love us and care about us and if I should come to my senses and ask them for help they will do whatever they can. That is a most difficult thing to do. But, when you are in the depths of grieving a person who is still alive, nothing makes sense and you don’t always do the thing that should be done. Sometimes you can’t put enough energy into a full congruous thought process to know what you need or when you need it. So you just do the best you can at that very moment. There is no extra space in my emotional realm to plan ahead or be a good friend right now. I am struggling to be a decent Mom and a rational, thoughtful caregiver from a separate space. A separate mindset.

I think I am halfway ok. I think recognizing I am not doing so hot is a huge sign of a healthy mind. I think knowing I am down and knowing I have a valid reason for being down is also part of this healing process. I think learning to live in the exact moment I am living in takes a strength and maturity I haven’t possessed before. I am not the “I can do it all” person anymore. Maybe one day I will be again but for now, I must learn to accept my shortcomings in comparison to my previous self. It’s ok to celebrate accomplishing something as simple as fixing dinner AND doing a load of laundry in the same day. It’s a bonus if I also put away the laundry or possibly pay a bill. I cannot even fathom being the multi-tasker, over-achiever I once was. I cannot expect to live a life as if nothing catastrophic is happening. I am losing my spouse. I have lost my spouse. My children are losing their father. An AMAZING father. They have lost their father. I am a single parent. I am morphing and changing and it takes time and understanding.

Understanding. I used to worry about my friends disappearing. I still do but I also can’t take someone being my friend for the wrong reasons. If they are tired of our constant tragedy, it’s ok to walk away. I get it. I am tired too. Don’t stay to save face. I have come to realize I actually only want and need those who truly are able to be present for this heartbreaking journey. The others can do the best they can with whatever situation they have going on and it’s all right. I understand. We all have a story and sometimes we can deal with one better than another. Right at this juncture in my life, I must re-direct myself to whittle down my priorities.

It has been a long time coming but I think I have gotten out my big girl panties and have at least thought about putting them on. It isn’t easy, but I am starting to be good to myself and love myself. I haven’t for a long time and that is where I must begin. I am going to plan a break, a time away, by myself, to re-cover and rejuvenate my mind and my spirit. And then I will come back and continue on with the hurt and the heartache and the daily dilemmas. I will get through this awfulness, only with the help of so many wonderful friends and my parents. They are my saving grace….the smallest gestures quickly add up to a net that catches me and throws me back on my feet.  I won’t like it but I will keep moving forward, albeit slowly and without as much pizazz. And one day I will look back and be amazed at the love and support our family was given and wonder how I ever survived.

posted by Karen in Early Signs of Alzheimer's,Early Stages of Alzheimer's Disease,Uncategorized,Younger Onset Alzheimer's Disease and have Comments (13)

Phantom Lover

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I’m in love with a man who cannot love me back. I think of him all day, every day of every week of every month. From my first moments lying in bed in the morning until my last tired thoughts trying to fall asleep late in the evening.

I long to call him with each new idea, thought and life event that transpires. I want to share each amazing feat Frances and Brad conquer. I want to call and ask him what he wants for dinner or if he can sneak away and grab some lunch. I want to hear about his day and carry on a conversation sharing our thoughts and desires. I want to laugh together at something funny on TV or sit in the darkness of a movie theater, jumping at the scene on the screen or wiping away tears as our hearts are tugged by the story unfolding before our eyes. I want to feel the excitement of catching up on episodes missed or planning an evening without the kids. I want to know he is thinking of me, as I think of him. But he is not mine. He is in a different place, with another life and is not interested in my fantasy world that includes him because his world does not include me.

I cannot have him. I dream of him. I yearn to call and ask if he would join me for a weekend away. Just the two of us, locked away in a cabin in the woods or lazily reading books while listening to ocean waves crash feet away.  Would I be satisfied with just a weekend or would I be left in an even larger state of isolation and frustration?  I have lost hope for a note in his handwriting, confessing how much I mean to him and how he can’t stop thinking of me. Does he? Does he think of me? Does he long for my touch as I long for his?

I am a woman with unrequited love.

There are no date nights. There is no lounging in bed too long. There are no passionate kisses and gentle touches. There are no arguments or the fun that comes with making up. There are no loving gazes, no words unspoken with just a glance. No plans for a future together or shared dreams to make come true.

Just me, recalling the way his hand touched my back as we walked through an entryway. Just me, wishing we could stroll arm in arm, chatting and feeling the warmth of friendship and love all rolled into one.  Just me, wondering how I will ever get past this loneliness and longing.

Although I ache for him, thinking of him constantly and wanting to share each detail of my day, he is not mine. He belongs to another. I am just a fleeting thought, someone to ponder about whenever I pop into his mind. Daily? Weekly? Surely when something triggers a reminder of me. There are fleeting conversations, but with each one I am left wanting more. I need more and he cannot give me more.

I instinctively pick up the phone to share something and realize the emptiness of that dial tone. When I am angry or sad I want to reach out to him and hear his voice. He calms me like no other. When something wonderful happens, it is him I want to tell first. I want him to grab me in his arms, pulling me into his chest, smelling his scent, feeling his strong arms holding me tight, taking all the anger away and reminding me I am special and loved and safe. I need him to make me feel beautiful again. I need him to make me feel smart and funny and worthy.

There are no cards. No flowers. No surprises. No late night intimate chats. No snuggles on the couch. No breakfasts in bed. Nothing but the connection I feel, the hunger I have, the dreams that will never come true.  I love someone who is a ghost.

posted by Karen in Early Signs of Alzheimer's,Early Stages of Alzheimer's Disease,Uncategorized,Younger Onset Alzheimer's Disease and have Comments (12)

This is an Important Statement for you to Read and Share

Jim and Brad playing some ball at his new home.

Jim and Brad playing some ball at his new home.

I have wanted to write this piece for a while but I haven’t wanted to offend anyone or hurt anyone or cause hard feelings. So, I write this with the understanding I am not trying to call anyone out for offering us suggestions or trying to help our family. Just the opposite. I am writing this particular piece in the hopes of EVERYONE reading it and understanding the gap and the disparity of assistance for many, many families in need of help. If you care at all about our society as a whole, you will read what I am about to write.

First of all, thank you to everyone who has sent in suggestions. I appreciate you taking the time and making the effort and in some cases, doing quite a bit of research. Now, let me speak freely without the worry of being taken the wrong way.

Stop. Stop telling me that I just need to make one more phone call or fill out one more form.

I have. I have filled out every form known to man. I have made call after call after call. Many times while Jim sat helplessly, just feet away, listening to me repeat our story, his story. His burdens on our family and feeling the guilt he so wanted to avoid are now seared into my mind as something I threw in his face over and over while trying to find the answer that has alluded us and continues to do so.  I have gone online and researched. I have spent hours and hours and hours (you really wouldn’t believe) just trying to find an answer. I think I have worked harder and spent more time, energy and filled out more forms than I did in all of my years of college combined.  I have always believed in my heart that we would have help. I have always believed that when the time came, Jim would be taken care of and I know he thought the same. We both assumed  I would just keep working and it would all work itself out. We were wrong, wrong, wrong.

Jim is 53 years old and a 23 year veteran of the US Air Force.

Our children are 11 and 14.

We are middle class.

Jim had Tricare Health Insurance benefits when he retired from the Air Force, which also covers myself and our children.

After being out of work six months due to his Early Onset Alzheimer’s Disease disability, Jim applied for and obtained SSDI (Social Security Disability Income) This is a program Jim paid into with every paycheck he received starting at the age of 14. It does not come close to replacing the income he was earning while working, but it most certainly keeps our family afloat.

After two years of SSDI, Jim was automatically switched from Tricare to Medicare. Medicare is a health insurance program. It is not a program that provides Long Term Care for people with Alzheimer’s Disease. It covers doctor visits and hospital stays, just like any other health insurance program.

I work out of our home as an independent contractor. I have also just started a part time job this week in the hopes of helping with Jim’s care.

I applied for Medicaid for Jim in July. You cannot apply until you need this program. So, even though we knew the day Jim was diagnosed many years ago we would eventually be applying it was only when he needed more help than I could provide that we could fill out the mound of paperwork, meet with Social Service workers and start the process. This is something I strongly believe needs to be addressed and changed. But, I will save that tirade for another day. We were turned down for Medicaid. Not because of our income, but because Jim does not qualify medically. He does not need “skilled nursing”. He does not need someone to monitor his blood pressure or blood sugar. I promise…I am not making this up.

We have gone to the Veterans Administration Hospital in Hampton, Virginia many times.  I was told each time there was nothing to help us. His disability is not service related and he is not 65 and he makes more that $26,000 a year. I went back and I called. I have been desperate trying to find help. I have sat and cried, feeling like a forsaken child of the country I have always loved and been proud to call mine. Nothing. No help to cover his care. We did qualify for the 30 day respite from the VA this summer which was a Godsend. For this, I am very grateful.

I couldn’t understand why others making suggestions of different programs he will or he should qualify for has bothered me so much. I know that each person who writes to tell me that the VA will help or Medicare will help or Medicaid covers their uncles care means well. I know when you write with your stories and your suggestions, you are trying to help. Unless you can actually make a program start covering Jim’s care, please do not tell me what I am doing wrong anymore. That is how I take it. I shouldn’t, but I do.

Recently I was talking to a good friend about this. I told her I understood people were trying to help because they care and they want to help our family but with each sentence saying there is help out there if I only would do this one thing, I was hurting more and more. I couldn’t figure out why. Why would it bother me when I know I had done everything and I know their intentions were good and genuine?

“Because it is a sore, raw subject for you Karen. You still feel like you have missed something and you also feel like there should be and is a program to help if you can only find it. Each message reminds you that the system is failing your family and it makes you feel like you are too.”

And there it is. I struggled to understand something that she layed out before me to make perfect sense.

I agree with all of you: There should be help. There shouldn’t be a need to have a charity page asking for donations from everyone under the sun to take care of Jim. It was a most difficult decision to do so, but I cannot take care of him the way he deserves. I cannot change his diaper and help him shower and help him all day long with finding something to occupy himself. I was failing him and our family. But this is not anything that qualifies for help. Needing assistance with eating or hygiene does not entitle you to receive help with your loved one. We don’t fit into a black and white box and therefore there are no possibilities of going outside the box to use common sense to help. Either you fit the criteria or you don’t. We don’t.

I have met with our State Senator, staff representing our US Senator, social services, Medicare and Medicaid representatives and VA representatives. Nothing yet. There is a slight hope we may receive some benefits from the VA, but my attorney (who completely rocks) and a local reporter and our US Senator haven’t been able to make it happen yet. But, you never know. I am still optimistic, but now with a much clearer sense of probability.

So please understand I have put more effort, energy, time and hope into finding this solution that must be out there somewhere than I have put into anything else in my life. It is like pouring salt on a wound when you tell me I haven’t done what I have been trying so very hard to do for months now.

I appreciate your belief in our system, as I have always had your same beliefs, but sometimes, we are all wrong. Please keep writing me and if you genuinely have something that you have found that can help our family, please share as I am hoping there really is assistance available. Otherwise, please start a conversation with your friends and neighbors. You may be surprised to find they have been through this same process. And if you are so inclined, please start advocating for a change. It will be too late for our family, but others coming behind us, which could be your family, need us to stand up and demand all of our citizens be cared for and treated with respect and dignity. No one should lose their homes, their life savings or their own health in a  land that prides itself on prosperity.

Jim, Frances and Brad. April 7, 2012. Jim's 50th birthday.

Jim, Frances and Brad. April 7, 2012. Jim’s 50th birthday.

posted by Karen in Early Signs of Alzheimer's,Early Stages of Alzheimer's Disease,Uncategorized,Younger Onset Alzheimer's Disease and have Comments (44)

The Next Phase is Here.

Screen Shot 2015-09-04 at 1.10.45 AMI have started and stopped this writing numerous times. Too many to count. I’ve, no, WE’VE all known it was coming for a long time, but we didn’t talk about it. We hemmed and hawed and left it unspoken and hanging over us like the chill that comes with the first frost; so unexpected you are able to fein surprise although it re-occurs like clockwork each year.

Yep, you can see to the bottom right of this writing a new widget. A place to click. A place to give. A place for us to take. And if ever there was a time I was full of mixed emotions, this would be it.

Over a great length of time, we have had several people offer to help us fundraise. I have been flattered and a little surprised, but have held off. After all, there are always others in need and I have always felt there is a time we will need more help and if I can just figure out a way we won’t need any.

Over the past three weeks Jim has been in a locked memory care unit to allow myself and the kids a respite from his care. And let’s be honest, we haven’t even been caring for him as long as many others have. But, our family was under a great deal of stress and the walls were crumbling and I saw a source of support that I latched onto for dear life. And it pains me a tremendous amount to announce the three of us have witnessed something we didn’t expect or want to admit….life and “normalcy”. What a cruel woman and wife I am to say such a thing. But I always have promised to be honest: we found ourselves able to “be”. Be relaxed. Be loud. Be late. Be early. Be silly. Be happy. Ouch. The last one really hurts. It feels as if we are somehow vilifying Jim or ostracizing him in some way but we aren’t. We are trying to live as he declines. By doing this, we are carrying on as he wishes but even that knowledge does not erase the sting from feeling as if we are abandoning him or that he is forsaken.  Just the opposite.

While at this facility, not only have we been able to breathe easier, Jim has been happy. He has a simple life that remains constant and without interruption to his schedule. That is what he needs and being in our home makes this almost impossible. His new self needs quiet and peace which doesn’t happen often in a home with active children. Plus I worry about him on the stairs since we do not have a bedroom or a full bathroom downstairs. And I worry about him walking out the door. And I worry about him eating or drinking something he shouldn’t, hurting himself with a tool or  knife or something he would be able to use simply in the past. I hadn’t realized until he wasn’t with us how much I worried. And the kids have noticed too. Recently we were discussing all of this unforeseen change and they both agreed I am happier and not as stressed all the time. Another ouch and another not so proud Mom/Wife moment.

I sat and watched our wedding video for the first time the same night our very good friend, to whom I will forever be indebted, started the GoFundMe Page to raise money for Jim’s care. I cried. I laughed. I reminisced. By myself. There were guests there who have since passed. Couples now divorced. Images long forgotten through the years of marriage and children and life. And there was Jim. My groom. So proud. So handsome. So, so perfect….

This is all just a huge mess. I don’t want help. But we need it and I have run out of options. I have fought asking for anything for a long time and it wasn’t until a conversation I had recently with someone who went through losing a wonderful husband to Alzheimer’s said to me, “Karen, I would rather give to your family and know I am helping you than to anything else. You have exhausted all of the ways you thought you would be able to get help and there isn’t any help for you. We all know you have tried and that there isn’t anything out there. You don’t have a choice. You cannot possibly take care of two children and Jim. It isn’t fair to any of them and it isn’t fair to you. Let others help. Trust me, they want to. Many want to but don’t know how and with it being an organized way for them to give, I really think they will.”  I thought and thought about her words. I cannot express the gratitude I have to her for saying them, nor can I express how much I really don’t want to be in this position.

Yet, the world never ceases to amaze me. The support that has come forth is truly remarkable. We have already raised enough to cover care for Jim for one month! Obviously, we need much more, but wow! I am so humbled, so moved and really, for a rare instance speechless.

There are so many others who need help and I feel guilty for possibly taking something away from them. I lay in bed thinking about this. Thinking to myself that if I can figure out a way to take care of Jim, others can receive the aid and help I would receive. And I am so sorry I haven’t figured that out yet. But at the same time I have become desperate and see no other way. So thank you for your support and for your very kind words. Thank you for the stories of Jim. One friend posted on her Facebook page a story of how Jim installed their car seat when their oldest son was born because her husband was deployed. I had completely forgotten this and it was a reminder of how much Jim always did for others. In the throes of this complete and utter quandary I often forget just how handy and giving and genuine Jim was. It makes me sad to remember him from years ago, but it also makes me proud to be his wife and to be charged with his care. He trusts me and I trust that we will not be forsaken.

If you can give, please do. If you can’t, please know I understand and all I ask is for you to share this link with your friends so maybe they can. The more who see our story and our plight, the better the odds of us receiving enough to make it through.  THANK YOU SO VERY, VERY MUCH.

posted by Karen in Early Signs of Alzheimer's,Early Stages of Alzheimer's Disease,Uncategorized,Younger Onset Alzheimer's Disease and have Comments (19)

Happy Today

Brad, Jim and Frances celebrating Jim's 53rd birthday. April 2015.

Brad, Jim and Frances celebrating Jim’s 53rd birthday. April 2015.

It sounds so easy. Take your loved one to a place that promises to watch them and care for them and allows you to go home and relax and focus on other things. How difficult is something so needed and so good?

We were given a 30 day respite through the VA this month. I was elated. The kids and I would be able to do the whole back to school routine, we would get to go to family camp for the fifth year, we would have time to get stuff done around the house (Ok, now you know I was really dreaming) and we would get to just breathe a little.

If you have never been to an assisted living type facility before, you have no clue what I am about to tell you, and it will most likely sound like something that should be shut down. But, if you have, you know what I am about to write.

You know the absolute guilt and heartache that come with the very first step through the doors. The smell of urine permeates through your whole body and clings to your clothes. The shock of seeing person after person almost in a comatose state either in a wheelchair or a bed. The horror of thinking how awful this place is and that you should be turning around and running back through the doors….yet you stay. You unpack clothes and try to seem happy about all of this. You see the dirt, the grime, the locks on everything, , the coded doors, the list of simple activities you can not believe that your husband would be happy to sit through….. It reminds you of a horror film but you are living it and you don’t leave. Well you do leave….alone.

You leave and cry and cry all the way home. The perfect sad song comes on the radio and you turn it up and cry even harder.

When your children go to visit the next day, you cringe again as you walk through the doors and see it all anew through their eyes. The moans from a bed as you pass, the loud daytime TV shows, the medicine cart, the food cart, the alarm going off when the door is opened incorrectly, the wandering, lost souls down each hallway. And they tell you what you already knew: Dad should not be here. This place is awful. We cannot leave him here! Yet, he remains and you return to the home you shared and the bed you no longer share. And you must kick into super awesome Mom mode. Think fast even though you agree with what they say.

“Was Daddy happy?”

“Yes.”

“Did he ask to come home?”

“No”

“Did he say he didn’t belong there?”

“No”

“Did he ask when he could leave or seem sad when we were leaving?”

“No”

“Well, we have to understand that Dad is content and likes where he is. Maybe he wouldn’t have a year ago or we wouldn’t want to stay there, but where he is right now mentally is what we have to think about. And he is fine. They are nice, they are looking out for him, he is laughing and we are getting a break.”

And there is the click. The change. The acceptance, the understanding that no 11 year old or 14 year old should have to fathom until they are old and grey themselves.

Jim is happy. He has a routine. He has activities. He has people to talk to.The staff watch out for him and know his signs.  He is satisfied in his own little world and is happy we can join him sometimes but has not asked once to come home. He has called to tell me he misses me but he doesn’t ask when he is leaving. He hugs me and I hear from the staff he talks about me all the time (and the dog and the kids) but he is contented to just be where he is. And where he is is a locked unit an hour away with patients much older and much further along. But he has progressed enough with the disease that none of this connects in his riddled brain any longer. And it is sad. It is sad to leave him. It is sad to know he accepts this new home (albeit temporary) and it is sad to witness his behaviors that mirror the other patients who don’t seem to acknowledge the world around them.

Did he really go into someone else’s room and take their photo album and put it in his room? Did he really get agitated because he was outside too long? Did he really not want to participate in a group activity? His changes cause our changes. His decline is our decline.

This short reprieve has been so, so wonderful for the kids and I on just about every level and in every aspect imaginable. The laughter and the carefree conversations make us acutely aware of how tremendously stressed we were without even realizing it. To acknowledge this is hard. It feels as if I am somehow betraying the love of my life. But when you are living your life, the best thing you can do is be honest about what is happening, what eases your burdens, what brings a smile to your face and what causes the stresses to disappear.

Life doesn’t get magically perfect because Jim is out of the house. I still worry a great deal about him, about finances, about the kids, about all of the things I worried about before but without having to keep a constant watch over him. Without the children fretting about him getting agitated or misplacing something they need or all of us keeping an eye and ear on guard for whatever is about to happen next.

None of this is easy. None of this has a good answer or a happy ending.

I spoke with my Dad tonight and we were discussing finances and planning Jim’s care (a typical conversation these days) and he asked me, “What about a year from now?”

And for the first time in my life I really understood myself in a clear and concise way. I told him ,”I can barely think about the rest of today or tomorrow. The most I am going to hope to even fathom thinking about and planning for would be six months from now. There is no way a full year would ever come into my radar.”

I am so grateful for this short break from the daily task of Jim’s care and I do wonder what we will do in a few  weeks. But I cannot dwell on it and ruin the time we have right now. I am good. The kids are good. Jim is good. And that is all I can ask for today.

posted by Karen in Early Signs of Alzheimer's,Uncategorized,Younger Onset Alzheimer's Disease and have Comments (12)

What do YOU really think?

Screen Shot 2015-08-19 at 12.24.28 AMHow many drive the car they drive to impress others? Or wear certain clothes to attract attention? Or cut their hair just to entice a mate? Who in this world bases each action or decision on the reaction or perceived reaction from others?

And here I am, under an unimaginable amount of stress, grief and pressure to figure out what to do with Jim and unfortunately worrying about what others will think. Not just strangers, but people who mean the most to me…Frances and Brad. Their current thoughts on the subject and my worry about their thoughts years from now weigh heavily on my mind.

Home care? Institution? Just me and the kids?

I am inclined one way but then I envision having to live with that decision. So I start pulling toward the other solution. Not long after, I think of the original plan. It never, ever ends. Ultimately, my decision really won’t be my decision and I will probably laugh at all of the time and energy I have put into this. The decision will strictly be a financial one not a practical one. And that is really out of my hands.

I find myself justifying so many things with almost each conversation I have.

Earlier this week I chatted with a neighbor. I caught myself justifying. Not long after, I spoke with a casual friend who asked about Jim. Again, I was almost embarrassed as I heard myself repeating the same justifications.

Right now Jim is in a 30 day respite program we have been granted through the Veterans Administration. Wow! What a difference in our home. What a change in me and in the kids. Yet, I have felt the need to justify this welcome reprieve.

But to tell the story of relief is to tell of the burden and the stress and the unhappiness of having Jim at home. Who would ever want to acknowledge that life is better without their loved one with them? Certainly not me and not our kids. But it is what it is. And as I write this, my lungs almost collapse in shock and sadness. What kind of monster am I for feeling this way? How can I be a good wife, a good caregiver, a good person for thinking this, let alone saying it out loud? Me. I am. And I am tired of worrying what others think. Unless you have been taking care of a person with YOUNGER ONSET Alzheimer’s Disease WITH children at home, you are not allowed to pass judgment. You are not allowed to even think that you would do this differently. You really don’t know and could never comprehend what you would do unless you are actually living this very life with the exact same decisions and circumstances. Do I sound angry? I am not. Actually, right this very moment, I am happy. For the first time in a long time, I can breathe and I can focus on being a mom and nothing else (sort of) and it has been so nice. The kids and I have had many relaxing nights, fun days and times of reflective honesty. Yes, before Jim’s disease took hold, our family would have done these things with him and we would have been complete and whole. We are broken and the kids and I need to be able to move on. It is so difficult to try to move on while Jim is still with us. Yet, I don’t really want him to not be with us. Obviously it isn’t my choice whether he is here mentally. It is almost some kind of scientific wonder how he can be “here” physically, but he is no longer “here” mentally. Sometimes he is able to be part of a conversation or have a funny input or something relevant to what we are discussing, but let’s face it, he isn’t capable of being a contributor to decisions and barely can recall what was just discussed. The day to day change one way and then another is amazing if you stop long enough to digest it all. It does not please me to acknowledge these things. He is progressing. We are progressing. Life is hard. Life is complicated.

I often am forced to think back to conversations Jim and I had as he was in the process of getting diagnosed. We had many heart to hearts and he was always very adamant about the kids coming first. I know he had no clue the financial strain this would all have, but he was very clear on what he expected from me: taking care of Frances and Brad.

At this point, I just want to be able to be a Mom. Being a friend, a worker, a neighbor, a wife…all pale. I don’t have it in me to do all of the above as usual. I can only focus on a single point at any given time. Right now it is taking care of Frances and Brad as best I can under these circumstances. Then it is working on care for Jim. Wow. The paperwork and stress is indescribable.

I see Jim. He is happy in the respite. He is getting attention and has activities. He doesn’t have a lot of commotion. He hasn’t asked to come home. He hasn’t said he doesn’t belong there. Bittersweet. I am happy he is happy but his contentedness is a reminder of how far along he has progressed with this disease and it makes me so very sad.

Every time I see someone and tell them about Jim being in respite and trying to decide what is best for him, I find myself trying to justify and explain and to make sure they understand. Really? Why should I care? None of them are going through this. So do I really need to explain myself and what I feel is best for our children? Isn’t it apparent that everything I do is to make sure the kids are ok? Don’t they know that Jim and I had this conversation many moons ago and it is also his wish to put the kids first? Isn’t it obvious?

No, no. I feel the constant need to justify and explain to people who could not possibly comprehend the decisions and the magnitude of those decisions on the future of our family.

Yet, with all of my resolve to be strong and stick to my decisions from so long ago in dark, intimate times with Jim, leaving his care to someone else causes great stress and guilt. How could I ever be without him willingly? What kind of selfish heathen am I? How can I leave him to the trust of others to make sure he is clean and brushes his teeth and puts on clean clothes and stays active? Do they watch to make sure he doesn’t take the tooth brush and tries to clean the sink? Are they making sure he is washing his hair? Do they check to see if he is washing everything correctly?

The torture I feel is immeasurable. There will come a day that I will sit by myself and reflect, gazing at a beautiful scene and wonder how I did all I have done. But in the meantime, I struggle to find a foothold on what the correct choice is.  I struggle because I wonder how it will be for me and the kids or because of what others will think? Or because I will lose everything financially? Do I need a retirement? Do I need savings? Isn’t it better for me to have a stable, happy home for my children? But, isn’t it better for them to participate in the care of their father? Won’t that just grow character for them?  What if he gets violent again? Won’t it be my fault since I knew this was a possibility? Love hurts and love cuts to the very core.

Frances and Brad rock jumping at Belle Isle VA. August 2015

Frances and Brad rock jumping at Belle Isle VA. August 2015

posted by Karen in Early Signs of Alzheimer's,Early Stages of Alzheimer's Disease,Uncategorized,Younger Onset Alzheimer's Disease and have Comments (18)

A Broken System Will Not a Broken Woman Make

For the first time since I started this endeavor I am writing directly on my blog without taking the time and energy and forethought to edit and proofread and ponder over my words before putting them out for the world to read. I am too tired. Too overwhelmed. And frankly, too frustrated and mad. Mad at our system.

Don’t get me wrong. Our friends, neighbors and even strangers have reached out over the past week to offer guidance and help in many forms. I am grateful beyond imagination. They have saved us and I really, really am humbled. But ultimately, our family is still left hanging on a ledge and hoping a huge gust of wind doesn’t blow through.

Jim is home. I know you have been worried and you have been praying and you have sent me your advice. Thank you. His sisters were able to drive him to Delaware and a very special friend rode with me for the 11 hour round trip to pick him up and bring him home. We didn’t know what would happen and I am pleased to tell you the ride was fine. He is fine.

Well, he is hard to understand. He needs help with showering and shaving and getting dressed. He needs verbal cues with washing his hands after using the restroom. He is confused many times and still insists he had to “beat the shit out of two guys”. But he is calm and his usual passive self. Obviously, I cannot leave him alone. Which is why I had to have a friend come stay with him the short time I needed to leave to go visit my counselor. Who listened and then stared at me, momentarily speechless (I don’t think this is a good sign).

I am going to try to do a quick overview of the past week and why I am mad and frustrated and feeling our system is broken. While Jim sat, many hours away, in a psychiatric unit, I called and begged for a way to get him safely home. At the time I started this process, we weren’t sure him riding in the car would be possible and an airplane ride was definitely out. Insurance would not cover a medical transport. So, he had to stay much longer than he should have. And I am ashamed to say I had very little time or mental capacity to really focus on him, how he was and where he was and think of him emotionally. I was too busy being focused on the paperwork and the problem of figuring out what to do. If he had had a stroke or a heart attack, I would have been able to rush to him, focus on his care, his recovery and not think twice about what to do about care when he was back in Virginia. There is nothing I could ever put in writing that will evoke for you that guilt of knowing I was more worried about other stuff than about him. I didn’t rush to be by his side because I had to think about what to do when he came home. This will haunt me for a very long time.

Once I realized I would have to get him home with no financial help, I had to decide what to do with him when he returned. Would he be ok at home? Would he get violent again? Is this the time to put him in a home, making it an easier transition? There were endless questions constantly running through my mind. All the while, our 11 year old son sat idly by waiting for me to get off the phone or off the computer so we could spend some of the quality time I had promised him weeks ago. Time that unfortunately didn’t really happen. Again, the guilt and the sadness cannot be conveyed.

Knowing Jim is retired Air Force, many have suggested the Veteran’s Administration. Jim unfortunately thought that too. It was always his understanding that if he put his 23 years in, he would be taken care of later. Granted, he always thought it would be when he was much older, but he always told me when he got too old and cranky for me to take care of to just stick him in a VA home. How I wish this was so easy to do. Jim does not qualify at this time (that I can find) for ANY VA help. His disability is not service related. He is not over 65 years old. He did not serve in Vietnam. He is not a Gulf War Veteran. Our family makes over $26,000 a year. I checked, re-checked and then checked again. If anyone knows anything different, please feel free to share the magic pass code. I could really use it about right now.

I also applied for Medicaid. Although I haven’t gotten the official word back yet, our chances of getting approved are pretty slim due to our income. Please don’t think we are living high on the hog. We are a paycheck to paycheck family. We own one car. One 1,600 square foot home. One TV. Yep, I splurge sometimes and get Starbucks and I have an iPhone that I bought for my job at the time almost 5 years ago and we’ve taken some nice vacations over the past couple of years. Trust me….this does not mean we can afford care for Jim. Unless we take EVERY SINGLE PENNY that we have coming in each month (I’m not even sure that will eventually be enough), then we could afford his care. Of course, at that point, there would be nothing for myself or the kids. And by the way, I will also have to spend almost all of the retirement and savings we have. So that whole rule about having 6 months salary in savings in case of an emergency? Gone.  Then we could have the state pay for our healthcare, our home, our food, our heat and even our children’s braces. And, I will not have money saved for my own retirement therefore I will also need assistance when I am older. So, to keep from using the government to help with Jim’s care in one program, our family will be reduced to using multiple government programs to stay alive. Then I see that our government is trying to cut disability payments next year by 20%? Really? And I am supposed to stay calm, cool and collected?

I cannot possibly explain the amount of frustration this causes me. I do not feel we are a family who is trying to take advantage of the system. We are in a unique situation, but because of rules, regulations, guidelines and black and white protocols, we are stuck right in the middle. We don’t make enough to pay for care, yet we make too much to receive aid. The programs currently in place are for retired people who can sell their homes and use up savings and retirement to pay for care, or they will then qualify for government assistance. It is not set up for middle aged families who may need that retirement later and who have young children at home and cannot sell their home to pay for care. As a disclaimer: Medicaid does allow us to keep the home and the car. The previous statement is in reference to who the people had in mind when they wrote all of the guidelines for the program.

Let me give you an example of a conversation I had this week. It will hopefully show you how much I feel like I have been a hamster in a wheel…..

While at the VA hospital, meeting with a Veteran’s Representative, I was asked for a letter from when Jim retired. It was his disability rating letter. I didn’t have it. The very kind gentleman told me I would need a Power of Attorney in order to get a copy. I pulled out my copy and tried to hand it to him. “No, you need a VA Power of Attorney,” he says to me. I look down at my copy and in bold, capital letters at the top of the very first paragraph it says MILITARY POWER OF ATTORNEY. So, I try handing it to him again and tell him it was done on a military installation and is a military POA. “No. It has to be a VA Power of Attorney. That one won’t work.”   Are you kidding me? This, while Jim sat in Connecticut, waiting for me to figure out something to help him. After all the years he served and thought he would be ok and not a burden to his family or anyone else. After I sat and cried for a moment, I asked the same kind man how I could raise my family on the $26,000 a year they expected in order to quality for Aid and Attendance? He very quickly told me that combat war veterans were coming back and living on $8,300 a year.

And what could I say to that?

Now I am just treading. Keeping my head barely above the surface and hoping all of the red tape, regulations and bureaucracy doesn’t pull me under. How am I expected to take care of two children and Jim with no help? If I was independently wealthy, no problem. But I am not. We are a middle class family trying to find a needle in a haystack.

posted by Karen in Early Signs of Alzheimer's,Early Stages of Alzheimer's Disease,Uncategorized,Younger Onset Alzheimer's Disease and have Comments (26)

Elusive Answers

Screen Shot 2015-07-08 at 8.07.37 PM Because life is NEVER simple or easy when you are dealing with Alzheimer’s Disease I am at a crossroads with no uncomplicated, direct answer.

Jim rode last week from our home in Virginia to visit his family in Connecticut. He was excited (when he remembered he was going) and went willingly. My parents were already heading to Boston to take in some Red Sox games, so they offered to drop him off on the way and then pick him up on the way back. This gave me a week “off” and since Frances was heading to camp, it would also give me some one on one time with Brad. I envisioned getting the house clean, taking him to movies and the beach and being able to relax together.

Then a very dear friend (since 4th grade) asked if she could come visit. Perfect! Then another very dear friend won VIP tickets to a concert in Vegas and asked if I would like to be her date! I discussed this opportunity with some local friends who agreed to watch Brad and started making plans. I would get to do what everyone has been telling me over and over to do: take care of myself. I would see some old friends who refresh my spirit, I would get to bond with my son and I would even have some time for reading a good book and getting caught up on house stuff. Oh how life teases us.

This is where you insert a record playing in the background screeching to an ear splitting halt.

Jim had difficulty on the way while riding in the car at one point getting aggressive with my parents. Then he had several severe psychotic breaks during his first full day away, culminating with police, an ambulance ride to the ER and now a stay in a locked psychiatric unit. In Connecticut. While I am in Virginia. And he is confused. And scared. And alone. And a lost soul. I can only understand about every 3 words he says on the phone. He has had a couple of episodes since he was admitted but over all I believe he is doing much better.

How awful this disease can be. If there is anyone in this world who is NOT mean, angry or violent, it is Jim. Sometimes during the course of our marriage I have been miffed at him for his lack of aggressiveness. In a world around us urging us to show more and more belligerence he has been steadfast with his passiveness. Jim’s soul is as sweet and demur as it gets, yet he has now attacked others, become violent, paranoid, angry, torn a turn signal off a steering shaft and is now saddled with a “one on one” (a person who stays with him 24/7 to ensure he doesn’t hurt anyone). He hallucinated and said things completely untrue. He is another being in the body of the man I have known more than any other for the past 19 years. I am heartbroken just picturing him there, while I am here. Carrying on. Doing mundane things. Living life.

Dinner needs to be fixed. Jim is in the hospital. Laundry needs to be put away. Jim is in the hospital. Brad has track practice. Jim is alone and scared. The dog needs to be fed and walked. Jim needs help. Throughout my entire day, I am in a constant state of back and forth, reminding me my life may seem quiet and simple on the surface as I move from task to task, but the reality is Jim needs me. He is alone and scared and needs me to find an answer. An answer that eludes me no matter how many phone calls I make or how many conversations I have. The task at hand permeates into every cell of my being and each cell chooses to fight back; either struggling to believe there is help and an answer if I can only find it or shutting down and withdrawing. I am not sure yet which cells will win. There is a civil war currently taking place within me.

Now I sit making phone calls. Trying to find a place for him. There isn’t one. I can’t afford to place him in a memory care unit. Do I bring him back to our home? And risk a recurrence in front of the kids? I question each decision I am trying to make. Do I try to bring him home and let him get acclimated and see if he settles down? For how long will this last? If he gets out of control again, then what? I will say, “I should have known.” How would I live with myself if someone else got hurt or he got hurt? Yet, if he remains his usual self, I have taken him out of his home for no reason. I didn’t try hard enough. I didn’t make the right decision. I didn’t do the right thing.

What is the right thing when there are no guarantees or crystal balls? What is the right thing when you know the eventual answer, just not the timing?

Screen Shot 2015-07-08 at 8.02.33 PMMy heart and my whole body are heavy. Thinking right now at all is a burden. I am so tired mentally. I constantly feel as if I could lay down and slide into a deep sleep. I have a streaming thought non-stop:  Jim is in the hospital, Jim is in the hospital, Jim needs help, Jim is in the hospital, I have to figure out what to do. It doesn’t pause. I go about life with Brad as best I can, but I have that ticker tape on repeat in my mind.There is no simple answer for getting him home. We can’t fly him back. The doctor is strongly against us driving him back. (But that is, at this point, our only choice) Insurance will not cover a medical transport. What are our options? When I do eventually return him to Virginia, I have no place to put him. I am still searching. Of course the first question asked  when I inquire about assisted living is how I am going to pay. Then if I have qualified for Medicaid. (I haven’t applied yet, that is obviously on my to-do list) $6,000 a month for private pay until we get approved. Or I can take my chances and have him home with me and the kids. I can try to get in-home care, which I will again have to try to figure out how to cover. And still worry about the recurrence of his agitation.

There is no specific answer for our situation. I know others have gone through this, but unlike most medical situations, almost every single turn with Alzheimer’s Disease is arduous, overwhelming and with no specific plan. We are all on our own. There is no place to turn to for help. No one that will call around to find a bed for him. No one to help with the Medicaid paperwork. No one to tell me exactly what we should do at this very moment. He is to be released to my care and I am to bring him home, to wait to find out if the other shoe will fall. To possibly become an instantaneous news reel about the pitfalls of our system. To be spoken of in what if’s and should have’s. If he wasn’t diagnosed with Younger Onset Alzheimer’s Disease and he became violent like this, would I get help? What happens when someone shouldn’t be around their children for safety reasons? Is the only option jail?

Fortunately for me, I do have a wonderful support group of friends and now readers of this blog. I have people who may not be able to make decisions for me, but they let me know I am not alone. I have help with the kids, I have shoulders to cry on and people who would literally drop everything to help us. How lucky am I? I am so burdened with my responsibility yet I am touched and humbled and amazed at the outpouring of love for our family. It is a feeling of unbelievable gratitude and disbelief. Thank you one and all, from the very depths of my love and sincerity.

In the meantime, Jim sits, alone, passing his time coloring and staring into space. Wondering where he is and where his family is.

posted by Karen in Early Signs of Alzheimer's,Early Stages of Alzheimer's Disease,Uncategorized,Younger Onset Alzheimer's Disease and have Comments (26)